From the U.S. Military (found at http://www.carson.army.mil/pao/MountaineerArchive/2001%20Archive/03-09-01.htm)

Take the story of Capt. James M. Burt, who commanded
Company B, 66th Armored Regiment, 2nd
Armored Division during the Battle of the Bulge in
World War II. The Normandy invasion just completed,
allied forces were counterattacked by the
Germans. A bulge in the forward line of Allied forces
formed, giving the battle its name. Burt and his tank
company were in the middle of the action, when they
got the order to close the Aachen Gap, which was a
supply corridor for German troops. Burt, a tanker,
spent a good portion of the fight dismounted, three
times crawling into enemy lines to direct artillery
support on the enemy. He charged 75 meters across
open ground under heavy fire to rescue his battalion
commander, who had been wounded. For eight days,
he held U.S. forces together, despite constant attack,
rain and cold and heavy enemy shelling. He is credited
with making the victory at Aachen possible and
closing the gap that supplied the German forces. If
there had been no Capt. James Burt, German forces
may have been able to hold the supply lines open and,
at the least, continued their counterattack. Burt was
definitely an Army of one.

 

Medal of Honor Citation
(found at http://www.edirectory.co.uk/pf/pages/moreinfoa.asp?pe=CFDFHBAQ_+James+Burt+WWII+Medal+Honor+signed&cid=880)

(First day issue U.S. postage stamp honoring the Medal of Honor winners)

CMH07 - James Burt Congressional Medal of Honour Recipients Signed ""Patriotic"" US FDC
His Citation reads
Rank and organization: Captain, U.S. Army, Company B, 66th Armored Regiment, 2d Armored Division. Place and date: Near Wurselen, Germany, 13 October 1944. Entered service at: Lee, Mass. Birth: Hinsdale, Mass. G.O. No.: 95, 30 October 1945. Citation: Capt. James M. Burt was in command of Company B, 66th Armored Regiment on the western outskirts of Wurselen, Germany, on 13 October 1944, when his organization participated in a coordinated infantry-tank attack destined to isolate the large German garrison which was tenaciously defending the city of Aachen. In the first day's action, when infantrymen ran into murderous small-arms and mortar fire, Capt. Burt dismounted from his tank about 200 yards to the rear and moved forward on foot beyond the infantry positions, where, as the enemy concentrated a tremendous volume of fire upon him, he calmly motioned his tanks into good firing positions. As our attack gained momentum, he climbed aboard his tank and directed the action from the rear deck, exposed to hostile volleys which finally wounded him painfully in the face and neck. He maintained his dangerous post despite pointblank self-propelled gunfire until friendly artillery knocked out these enemy weapons, and then proceeded to the advanced infantry scouts' positions to deploy his tanks for the defense of the gains which had been made. The next day, when the enemy counterattacked, he left cover and went 75 yards through heavy fire to assist the infantry battalion commander who was seriously wounded. For the next 8 days, through rainy, miserable weather and under constant, heavy shelling, Capt. Burt held the combined forces together, dominating and controlling the critical situation through the sheer force of his heroic example. To direct artillery fire, on 15 October, he took his tank 300 yards into the enemy lines, where he dismounted and remained for 1 hour ...

 

 

James Burt, Medal of Honor Recipient, visits 3-66 AR
(from http://www.hood.army.mil/4id_3-66ar/burtmoh.htm)

Captain James Montross Burt, United States Army

By direction of Congress, the President of the United States takes pleasure in awarding the Medal of Honor to Captain James M. Burt, U.S. Army, Company B, 66TH Armored Regiment, 2D Armored Division. For action near Wurselen, Germany, 13 October 1944. CAPT. James M. Burt was in command of Company B, 66TH Armored Regiment on the western outskirts of Wurselen, Germany, on 13 October 1944, when his organization participated in a coordinated infantry-tank attack destined to isolate the large German garrison which was tenaciously defending the city of Aachen. In the first day's action, when infantrymen ran into murderous small-arms and mortar fire, CAPT. Burt dismounted from his tank about 200 yards to the rear and moved forward on foot beyond the infantry positions, where, as the enemy concentrated a tremendous volume of fire upon him, he calmly motioned his tanks into good firing positions. As our attack gained momentum, he climbed aboard his tank and directed the action from the rear deck, exposed to hostile volleys which finally wounded him painfully in the face and neck. He maintained his dangerous post despite pointblank self-propelled gunfire until friendly artillery knocked out these enemy weapons, and then proceeded to the advanced infantry scouts' positions to deploy his tanks for the defense of the gains which had been made. The next day, when the enemy counterattacked, he left cover and went 75 yards through heavy fire to assist the infantry battalion commander who was seriously wounded. For the next 8 days, through rainy, miserable weather and under constant, heavy shelling, CAPT. Burt held the combined forces together dominating and controlling the critical situation through the sheer force of his heroic example. To direct artillery fire, on 15 October, he took his tank 300 yards into the enemy lines, where he dismounted and remained for 1 hour giving accurate data to friendly gunners. Twice more that day he went into enemy territory under deadly fire on reconnaissance. In succeeding days he never faltered in his determination to defeat the strong German forces opposing him. Twice the tank in which he was riding was knocked out by enemy action, and each time he climbed aboard another vehicle and continued the fight. He took great risks to rescue wounded comrades and suffering from the wounds he received in the battle's opening phase. CAPT. Burt's intrepidity and disregard of personal safety were so complete that his own men and the infantry who attached themselves to him were inspired to overcome the wretched and extremely hazardous conditions which accompanied one of the most bitter local actions of the war. The victory achieved closed the Aachen Gap.

Entered Service: Kentucky

Place of Birth: Glasgow, Kentucky

Date of Birth: 23 December 1923

Date of Issue: 5 October 1945

National Medal of Honor Museum - Chattanooga, Tennessee


MORE at http://www.thetachi.org/Publications/rattle/fall99/p5.htm

CITATION ALSO AT http://www.army.mil/cmh-pg/mohiia1.htm